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Thoughts on concomitant symptoms.

The following is Guillermo Zamora’s definition after long talks between us.

clemensmariafranciscusvonbc3b6nninghausenPreface of the TPB
“The greatest difficulty to be encountered by those novices in homoeopathy, who do not have recourse to a repertory, is the cure of maladies that shew themselves by a few symptoms which answer to a great number of medicaments. For instance, a malignant whooping-cough was prevalent amongst the children in this neighborhood. In its origin, the indications for the employment of “drosera” were only exceptional, and none of those were developed which call for the other remedies ordinarily employed. However, in all the children affected, swelling and puffiness was remarked, not so much in the face as above the eyes, between the eyelids and eyebrows, where it frequently formed a thick little bag,—a symptom which had never been observed amongst those of any other medicament, except ” kali-carb” (219)*; and, in fact, this medicament was the only one that at the commencement of the epidemy effected a quick and lasting cure. It was only in the last stage that this malady took another form, characterized by cold perspiration on the forehead, and vomitings during the fit, symptoms which require the use of “veratr. alb.”

* Guillermo’s Note: The symptom Boenninghausen refers to is found in “Chronic Diseases” (CD) by Samuel Hahnemann, and reads as follows:

CD, Kali-C, Symptom 219: “- Swelling between the eyebrows and lids, like a little sac.”
See P&W TPB CODE ID: 190

In this case, anyone would think that there is a possibility that a symptom in a given case has not been described in the pathology books due to the individualized way in which each patient reacts, or that a symptom that is well described in the pathology is not find in that patient. However, it will always be very positive for a professional to be aware of the pathology so that he knows what, how and when to expect from a particular case of illness. The same will be positive to be alert in order to detect a symptom that has not been reported in the pathology through the standardization of general concomitance criteria.

The curious thing here is that the Kali-c symptom can be found in pathology books, although not as such, some adenovirus infections are described, which can produce a cough similar to that of whooping-cough, which they can also infect the mucosa of the eyelids. It is also known that pertussis itself produces bloated, edematous face and swollen eyelids.

A common daily case in the clinic.

This is a simple case to demonstrate the Hahnemann method of essentials required in case taking. Its not complicated and I have stripped out much of the other symptoms that were presented to focus on the complaint.

Members of the IHM will use the Therapeutic pocket Book for analysis, but feel free to use any repertory you have.

You can answer in the comments section.

man-coughing-on-handYou have been exposed to colleagues at work who are coughing while in various stages of a flu outbreak. Within a few days, you start coughing. It is dry, non-productive, deep and hacking, worse in cold air, and talking. Coughing produces a very raw sore feeling in the chest, which is relieved by drinking sips of cold water. Coughing can be incessant in trying to bring up mucous from the chest, but expectoration is rare with any bits that come up only making it as far as being swallowed. On one occasion the coughing was so intense that a small amount of urine involuntarily escaped. What remedy would you think of first?

IHM teaching centre and clinic seminar in January 2022.

12 St. Aubyns Road
EASTBOURNE. East Sussex BN22 7AS

telephone 07367 527072


Clinics and teaching faculties in U.K., U.S.A., Japan, Spain, Estonia, Portugal, Mexico, Israel and Syria.

On January 15-16. Duration: 2 days.

9:30-5:30pm. For advanced students and practitioners.

Seminar subject:

Strange rare and peculiar, according to Hahnemann.

Seminar oversview.

There is in general a lot of confusion as to WHAT is prescribing symptom according to aphorism 153.

§ 153 Sixth Edition
In this search for a homoeopathic specific remedy, that is to say, in this comparison of the collective symptoms of the natural disease with the list of symptoms of known medicines, in order to find among these an artificial morbific agent corresponding by similarity to the disease to be cured, the more striking, singular, uncommon and peculiar (characteristic) signs and symptoms of the case of disease are chiefly and most solely to be kept in view; for it is more particularly these that very similar ones in the list of symptoms of the selected medicine must correspond to, in order to constitute it the most suitable for effecting the cure. The more general and undefined symptoms: loss of appetite, headache, debility, restless sleep, discomfort, and so forth, demand but little attention when of that vague and indefinite character, if they cannot be more accurately described, as symptoms of such a general nature are observed in almost every disease and from almost every drug.

It is our experience that prescribing only on the essential and accurate symptoms of the patient, (as instructed by Hahnemann) using only 3 or 4 rubrics of the Therapeutic pocket book,  that represent the nature of the disease AND a similar remedy, has increased practitioner success in the clinic to about 80% on the first prescription. We will use cases to demonstrate how Hahnemanns method is still valid and accurate in the 21st century, and does not require any modern methods of interpretation as is prevalent today.


tpbpwlaptop2The lecturer for this seminar will be Gary Weaver. An international lecturer for over 30 years, Specialising in homoeopathy after completing his medical training in 1982 and  holding membership of prestigious colleges and organisations in India, Australia and Europe, He founded 5 teaching institutes in the UK, Finland and Ireland. Together with Vladimir Polony, they reorganised and corrected the Therapeutic Pocket Book  by Boenninghausen into modern English turning it into a useful repertory and making it available as the SYNOPSIS computer program. Each member of the IHM register has been trained in the use of the repertory and utilises it as the mainstay of their reference material in the clinic.

Maximum attendees is 10.  This for comfort and  personal attention for the attendees.

working lunchThe price for two days is inclusive of tea, coffee, juice and snacks provided for the breaks and as required during the teaching. Also a light lunch can be provided on both days if required. (The area is well served with cafes and restaurants if you prefer).

Cost is £185. Payable by cash, PAYPAL or credit card. Call or email the centre.

boyne-house-guest-house2We have 6 bedrooms so for anyone needing overnight accomodation at practitioner prices, let us know and we will endeavour to facilitate. 



The strangest 10 weeks

So i presented with long covid symptoms. Taste, smell hearing loss, energy loss, breathing issues. could sleep lying down, etc etc. Symptoms got worse.

One night, I woke on the kitchen floor, severe pain in my body. I couldnt talk clearly… I called my sister and just said.. “ambulance”

Was taken to hospital with severe odema and heart failure. 97% occlusion. Had 11 litres of fluid removed. One more day and it was possible I could have died.

So.. after multiple exminations including physical tubes down throat and up arms…. i took a procedure which stopped my heart and then reset the frequency, which solved my problem. Now the heart is working at near full capacity. I am tired but every day the energy is returning.

Why did it happen? No cause found. However I suspect that long Covid triggered the weakness and entered me into this situation. I see that covid is able to set off problems, although not able to create disorders.

I had lots of time to reflect on medicine and homoeopathy and treatments. A lot of Hahnemanns words and statements were put under the microscope, and after deep consideration, I feel I came to understand clearly the differences between allopathic medicine, treatmens and curative action.

What is allopathic treatment? Well, nothing I underwent was anything other that emergency treatment. Heart not working, odema and subsequent respiratory distress. Trying to breathe through a lungful of fluid. Treatment… remove the fluid. Heart in wrong frequency system, treatment… reset to correct one.

I asked myself if this was Hahnemanns definition of allopathic medical treatment, and after reflecting, I saw that there was no other treatment that would have worked. It was pure physical extraction of fluid (via medication) and electric shock to reset the heart.

Would a homoeopath use the same avenues and medicines to solve the problem? I believe we would. Why not? The aim is to save the patients life first, and then AFTER, find the correct remedies to keep the patient in health.

Now I do have a boxful of medicines that they seem ‘necessary’ to work post procedure, and having gone through the list, i have deleted 2, and the others, I am taking on the basis of being only one week out of hospital and using temporarily. A blood thinner, a diurectic, a heart rythmn monitor, and occasional use of a beta blocker when blood pressure rises and causes a pain in the chest. The pain is getting less as also the rise in BP.

I dont have clear prescribing sx for remedies at this moment, but Im sure as my condition improves, I will see them for remedial help and allopathic medicine replacements.

I have a very clear idea of how to treat long covid. There is necessity to give something to remove covid from the body, and my experience and observation is to give chlorine dioxide in liquid fom in measured doses. Some countries have it administered via the goverment with measured success, although the results are not published in the mainstream press. I have colleagues who give it and report the benefits of homoeopathic medicines working and holding well and producing a curative effect. One of the problems with treting covid and long covid, is that remedies initially work, and then stop working. This approach removes the negative effect. Im very pleased with the result of giving chlorine dioxide to remove virus in the body.

More later.

A personal perspective of Long Covid.

Im entering the 4th week of infection and symptoms. Its been singularly unpleasant, difficult and painful. One of the huge obstacles to cure hs been my inabilitly to think and rationalise with a background of mild hallucinations.Ive received many good prescriptions which one by one didnt hold and ultimately failed.

long-covid-effectsIt led me to examine the reason for this phenomena, which took time due to my state of sickness, but i think i figured it out.

The IHM have a high percentage of medical drs on it Register. I asked two for help, people Ive worked with for 6 years. They took my symptoms and determined that the most important and primary concern was to get me breathing properly, so based on essential needs, i was given Carbo Veg. We had a huge collection of sx according to aph 6, including changes in thinking, sx relating to circumstances etc, however aphorism 153 tells us to extract the sx of the disease that characterise the problem, ie the centre of the disease which can be represented in a remedy.

From diagnostic signs, skin colour, oxygen saturation levels, type of breathing, it was ovious my issue was lack of oxygen. If this was the cause, then every other sx I was having was probably a result of that.

Within an hour. I began to breathe easier and colour came back into my features. I continued with the CV for two days.

As the sx changed, i was given another prescription which proved incorrect, and I had to antidote with the indicated remedy which fortunately worked very well. We all make the mistake from time to time when we change remedies, a lack of reading the sx properly or thinking that the remedy is question is good for this type of problem. Anyhow i got over the issue in the early hours of the morning. I am always grateful that the right remedy eases these type of problems quickly.

Now on LYC. Improvement about 70%. Body is still incredibly tired, yet I feel I am part of the human race again. I can walk to my bedroom, still exhausting but no longer the 15 minute recovery rate required for the exhaustion. I still sit and take 5 minutes to get the energy to move………yet once moving, no overwhelming tiredness.

My mind is clear.

This morning I sneezed 6 or 7 times. It didnt feel like normal sneezing. When i can explain further  Iwill.

This long covid can be overcome with building the immune system with good prescribing. Time and patience.

what a week…………..

Ive been sick. Upper respiratory chest pain, cough, overwhelming tiredness, Whacky dreams, aching teeth, lots of random symptoms. I live in the country and am alone for a month and more and family have gone abroad to deal with a couple of issues……….

I never for one second suspected COVID as the sx are simply not covid. But my energy was going down in 10 minute intervals.

My sister is a nurse at the local hospital working a nighshift, and I called her and asked if she could bring some test kits out… I never call my sister regarding health issues, so she knew it was important. Bless her heart she came out within an hour…

We did the test, and was negative. So what ever I was suffering from was part of the old fashioned rotating diseases that are going around.

Last night was the worst night i experienced. Hallucinations and persistent dreams……

However, it pulled together a prescription of Rhus Tox and so I took it.

When my sis was here, she cleaned up, the dishwasher and general tidy away.

There was a lot of mental confusion in the illness. some sense of emotional weakness, headache, people avoidance…etc

Will this be curative? Who knows…………..but confident in the prescription for now.

Will know tomorrow if things are lifting…….

So far, PHos.. worked a little, Bryonia, worked a little, sulphur, worked a little and now RHus Tox.

more later

The most common mistakes outlined in casetaking.

1/. I see this all the time. Sadly it is the Kentian spiritual teaching regarding mental emotional and Constitutional symptoms being the correct and essential prescribing criteria which has created this situation. It is false.

Hahnemann stated clearly:

1200px-Portrait_of_Samuel_Hahnemann._Wellcome_L0015074§ 6 Sixth Edition
The unprejudiced observer – well aware of the futility of transcendental speculations which can receive no confirmation from experience – be his powers of penetration ever so great, takes note of nothing in every individual disease, except the changes in the health of the body and of the mind (morbid phenomena, accidents, symptoms) which can be perceived externally by means of the senses; that is to say, he notices only the deviations from the former healthy state of the now diseased individual, which are felt by the patient himself, remarked by those around him and observed by the physician. All these perceptible signs represent the disease in its whole extent, that is, together they form the true and only conceivable portrait of the disease.

When analysis is applied to this directive, it becomes clear that there is no emphasis on the mind or desires or indeed, to personality, (another misleading emphasis in understanding remedies).

2/. In case taking, both the symptoms of the disease, and the individual reaction to the disease are to be noted. If we know the nature of a named disease, its progression and pathology, we can note clearly which aspects of its reach is affecting the patient, and how the patient processes the infection in an individual way.

§ 153 Sixth Edition
In this search for a homoeopathic specific remedy, that is to say, in this comparison of the collective symptoms of thesamuel-hahnemann-1 natural disease with the list of symptoms of known medicines, in order to find among these an artificial morbific agent corresponding by similarity to the disease to be cured, the more striking, singular, uncommon and peculiar (characteristic) signs and symptoms1 of the case of disease are chiefly and most solely to be kept in view; for it is more particularly these that very similar ones in the list of symptoms of the selected medicine must correspond to, in order to constitute it the most suitable for effecting the cure. The more general and undefined symptoms: loss of appetite, headache, debility, restless sleep, discomfort, and so forth, demand but little attention when of that vague and indefinite character, if they cannot be more accurately described, as symptoms of such a general nature are observed in almost every disease and from almost every drug.

Many years ago, in my studies to find out how to take a case, I went out on a limb and noted only the chief characteristics of a patients presentation, one two or three symptoms which ‘peculiarised’ and personalised the case before me. As I refined this technique, I learned to see the disease through the patients expressions of symptoms, not all the symptoms were of the pathology of the named disease, yet were intrinsically part of that infection though not noted as part of that disease. the patient presented symptoms which were expressed reactively and individually and as such needed individual treatment.

dental_doctor-thinkingsmallEach living organism comes from a line of genetic encoding and also the line of disease and weakness in the family. One family will be tubercular inclined and another from the results of say, a syphilitic background which has been well diluted but expressed through acute diseases not immediately associated with syphilis.

Because of the unknown backgrounds, we can ONLY prescribe on the symptoms presented. So for example, a patient presenting ringworm, we have a few remedies that deal with that infection readily. Occasionally, the patient does not resolve despite careful noting of the symptoms and a few doses of the requisite remedy. Compton-Burnett noted that ringworm ONLY appeared on susceptible people of a tubercular diathesis, and studied Bacillinum carefully, and then gave to the non resolving patients. Without exception, they all were relieved of Ringworm.

The practice of homoeopathy is solely effective based on the similarity of the remedy to the disease. However, it is ESSENTIAL to have the correct symptoms of the ‘disease’ to be effective.

The ‘disease’, is the individual presentation of the change in the patient and how that is expressed, not the symptoms of the named pathology. It is not merely the collection of symptoms collectively, it is the drilling down to the strangeness (to be discussed in seminars) the rarity of some symptoms (to be discussed in Seminars) and the characteristics (to be discussed in seminars) of both the disease and a considered remedy.


Post Covid symptoms that persist.

Sometimes this infection persists in some people.

Symptoms of long COVID

There are lots of symptoms you can have after a COVID-19 infection.

breathing20problemsCommon long COVID symptoms include: (taken from the NHS website)

  • extreme tiredness (fatigue)
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain or tightness
  • problems with memory and concentration (“brain fog”)
  • difficulty sleeping (insomnia)
  • heart palpitations
  • dizziness
  • pins and needles
  • joint pain
  • depression and anxiety
  • tinnitus, earaches
  • feeling sick, diarrhoea, stomach aches, loss of appetite
  • a high temperature, cough, headaches, sore throat, changes to sense of smell or taste
  • rashes

Homoeopathy has remedies which can produce these symptoms.  A skilled practitioner can induce the immune system to combat the effects with the specific remedy that covers the presentation of the symptoms experienced. There is no single ‘blanket homoeopathic remedy’ that will cure, only the gentle restoration of health via the individualising of symptoms and the appropriate remedy at the right time.

immaculate-but-homely (1)We can treat as an out patient in our clinic. Should a person want a rest and homoeopathic advice, we offer a 3 or 7 day stay at our Bed and breakfast residence in Eastbourne.

The residential stay will be starting late August or before if the small remodeling is completed.


Understanding Miasms.

There has been little understanding of Hahnemanns 12 year study of Chronic Diseases and the isolation of three infecting agents and the disease progression and processes that can be passed down through the generations.

Only by studying the writings of Hahnemann and following the step by step conclusions he came to, will the profession be able to see the validity of his observations and treatment protocols.

Understanding Miasms in the modern vernacular and comprehending the scientific principles which are mirrored in current medical understanding of chronic disease process, will give us the tools to treat utilising the potentised medicines and fix a patient.

Some homoeopaths use the Kentian model of attributing a miasm to certain diseases, usually based on Kents theory of moralness, whereas Hahnemann showed clear directions in a clinical comprehension. 

One comment. When Boenninghausen was writing his Materia Medica and categorising each remedy to a miasm, Hahnemann told him to put all the remedies together.

Food for thought.

Explained in our Seminars. 




Kents incorrect interpretation of Miasms.

The IHM present the Hahnemannian view in its lectures and seminars with references and commentary.

by Peter Morrell

The theory of miasms originates in Hahnemann’s book The Chronic Diseases which was published in 1828, around the same time that he decided to fix 30c as the standard potency for all homoeopaths. He declared that the theory was the result of 12 years of the most painstaking work on difficult cases of a chronic character combined with his own historical research into the diseases of man.

The three miasms given in that work are held to be responsible for all disease of a chronic nature and to form the foundation or basis for all disease in general. This latter aspect was then to receive considerable amplification from Kent. Kent was also able to clearly identify those remedies that relate to each miasm.

Though now generally accepted by most homeopaths without question, at the time, the theory was generally greeted with disbelief and derision from all but the most devoted followers. This can be explained in part by the primitive nature of medical science at that time, which was not really very willing accommodate any theory for the origin of disease, least of all such a grand and all-embracing one.

The word miasm means a cloud or fog in the being. The theory suggests that if 100% of all disease is miasmatic, then 85% is due to the primary and atavistic miasm Hahnemann called Psora. The remaining 15% of all disease he held to be either syphilitic or sycotic, being derived from suppressed Syphilis or suppressed Gonorrhoea. Hahnemann unlike Kent later attached no moral dimension whatsoever to the sexual nature of the two latter miasms. Kent of course, emphasised this a great deal. Which is hardly surprising in the somewhat Puritanical atmosphere of nineteenth century small town America.

Taking them in reverse order, we can depict the main characteristic features of each miasm.


This miasm is held to be responsible for many sexual and urinary disorders, and affections of the joints and the mucous membranes. Also those conditions worsened by damp weather and by contact with the sea. Thus arthritis and rheumatism, asthma, catarrhs, bronchitis, cystitis and warts are all regarded as partly or mainly sycotic in character. The wart came to be seen as the underlying archetype of this miasm as it is also held to be responsible for all warty excrescences and growths. Chief remedies are Thuja, Lycopodium, Natrum sulph, Causticum, Kali sulph, Staphysagria, Calc and Sepia amongst many others.


This miasm is held to be responsible for many diseases of the nervous system, the blood and skeleton as well as a range of psychological disorders, including alcoholism, depression, suicidal impulses, insanity, loss of smell and taste, blindness, deafness and ulcerations. It is also associated with many heart conditions, some vesicular skin eruptions and diseases that have a definite nocturnal periodicity. Chief remedies are Arsenicum, Aurum, Mercury, Phosphorus and Lycopodium, Nitric acid, amongst many others.


The word Psora is derived from the Hebrew ‘Tsorat’ and Greek ‘Psora’ and means a groove or stigma. Hahnemann held that all non venereal chronic diseases are Psoric. That includes most diseases of a chronic nature, all skin diseases, most mental illness other than syphilitic ones, allergies, varicose veins, haemorrhoids, most dysfunctional diseases of organs and systems, etc.

He lists among others, catarrhs, asthma, pleurisy, haemoptysis, hydrocephalus, stomach ulcers, scrotal swelling, jaundice, swollen glands, cataract, diabetes, tuberculosis, epilepsy, fevers and suppressed urine as all being typically psoric manifestations. Plus, of course, the whole gamut of skin problems.

Chief Psoric remedies he suggests include Sulphur, Natrum mur, Calc carb, Arsen alb, Lycopodium, Phosphorus, Mezereum, Graphite, Causticum, Hepar sulph, Petroleum, Silica, Zinc and Psorinum amongst many others.

Hahnemann also claimed that Psora was the most ancient and insidious miasm, and that it was derived from skin eruptions of various types in the past, such as scabies (Itch), leprosy and psoriasis. These had been contracted by ancestors or in one’s own early childhood. The suppression of these conditions especially through the use of ointments he held to be the primary cause of Psora.

Kent, in his Lectures, then greatly enlarged upon the theory, proposing that Psora was the foundation of all other illness, without which mankind would be pure and healthy both in mind and body, as in the Garden of Eden. He thus regarded Psora as being equated with the ‘Fall of Man’ and with original sinfulness. He portrayed Psora in this highly moralistic light as also being the foundation of the sexual miasms that came later.

I think it is abundantly clear from these quotes that Kent took a very puritanical and moral line about the origins of disease within the human race and he apparently felt that Psora was equivalent to Original Sin or the Fall of Man.

Hahnemann also pointed out the origins of his theory and the remedies that he decided had the power to eradicate the symptoms of a particular miasm.

The lists of miasmic remedies that Kent gives on page 1406 of his Repertory are as follows:

SYPHILIS : Arg-m., Ars-i.ars-s-f., ars., asaf., Aur-m-n.Aur-m.Aur., bad., benz-ac., calc-i., calc-s., carb-an., carb-v., cinnb., clem., con., cor-r., crot-h., fl-ac., guai., hep., iod., kali-ar., kali-bi., kali-chl., Kali-i.Kali-s.lach., led., Merc-c.Merc-i-f.Merc-i-r.Merc.mez., Nit-ac., petr., ph-ac., phos., Phyt.sars., Sil.staph., Still.sul-i., sulph., Syph.thuj.

SYCOSIS : Agar., alum., alumn., anac., ant-c., ant-t., apis., aran., Arg-m.Arg-n.aster., aur-m., aur., bar-c., bry., calc., carb-an., carb-s., carb-v., caust., cham., cinnb., con., dulc., euphr., ferr., fl-ac., graph., hep., iod., kali-c., Kali-s.lach., lyc., mang., Med., merc., mez., Nat-s.Nit-ac., petr., phyt., puls., sabin., sars., sec., sel., Sep.sil., Staph.sulph., Thuj.

These are exactly the same as the lists given on p86 of Speight’s work on the miasms.

Hahnemann lists the following as Psoric remedies in the Chronic Diseases:
agar, alumina, ammon carb, ammon mur, anacardium, antimon crudum, arsen alb, aurum, aurum mur, bar carb, borax, calc carb, carbo an, carbo veg, caust, clem, colocynth, conium, cuprum, dig, dulc, euphorbium, graph, guaj, hepar, iodium, kali carb, lyc, mag carb, mag mur, manganum, mez, mur ac, nat carb, nat mur, nitric acid, nitrium, petroleum, phos, phos ac, platina, sars, sepia, silica, stannum, sulph, sulp ac, zincum.

To discover the true psoric remedies we must add together the remedies listed in the Repertory for a range of ‘psoric’ conditions. This means checking carefully all the symptoms and repertorising for all of them, gradually building up a master list of remedies that fit Psoric conditions. This exercise was highly recommended by Kent as a sure way of fixing in the mind the remedies of a particular miasm. It is also an excellent introduction to the miasms generally and is good for revision purposes. With computer programs like Radar and Cara this task become a lot easier than it was in Kent’s or Hahnemann’s day.

Taking some of Hahnemann’s list of psoric conditions given above we can find the corresponding remedies as follows:

Phthisis (Kent p879) : Acet-ac., Agar., ant-t., ars-i., ars., bar-m., brom., bufo., Calc-p.calc-s., Calc.carb-an., carb-s., carb-v., card-m., chlor., con., dros., dulc., elaps., ferr-i., ferr-p., fl-ac., graph., guai., Hep., hippoz., Iod., kali-ar., Kali-c.kali-n., kali-p., Kali-s.kreos., lac-d., lach., led.,, merc., mill., myrt., nat-a., nat-m., nit-ac., ol-j., ox-ac., petr., ph-ac., Phos.plb., Psor.Puls., samb., sang., Senec.seneg., sep., Sil.Spong.Stann., still., sul-ac., Sulph.Ther.Tub.Zinc.

Hayfever (Kent p326) : Ail., All-c.ars-i., ars., arum-t., Arund., bad., brom., carb-v., cycl., dulc., euphr., gels., iod., kali-bi., kali-i., kali-p., lach., naja., Nat-m., nux-v., Psor.puls., ran-b., Sabad.sang., sil., Sin-n.stict., teucr., wye.

Diabetes (Kent p691) : Acet-ac., all-s., alumn., am-c., aml-n., arg-m., ars., benz-ac., Bov.calc-p., calc., camph., carb-ac., carb-v., chel., chin-a., chin., coff., colch., conv., cupr., cur., elaps., ferr-m., Helon.hep., iris., kali-chl., kali-n., kali-p., kreos., lac-d., lach., lact-ac., lec., lith., Lyc.lycps., lyss., mag-s., med., morph., mosch., nat-s., nit-ac., op., petr., Ph-ac.Phos.pic-ac., Plb.podo., rat., sal-ac., sec., sil., sul-ac., sulph., Tarent.Ter.thuj., Uran., zinc.

Varices lower limbs (Kent p1223) : Ambr., arg-n., Arn.ars., calc-f., calc-p., Calc.carb-s., Carb-v., card-m., caust., clem., crot-h., ferr-ar., ferr., Fl-ac.graph., Ham.hep., kali-ar., kreos., lac-c., lach., Lyc.Lycps.nat-m., plb., Puls., sabin., sars., sil., spig., sul-ac., sulph., thuj., vip., Zinc.

Eczema (Kent p1312) : Alum., am-c., am-m., anac., ant-c., arg-n., Ars-i.Ars., astac., aur-m., aur., Bar-m., bell., bor., brom., bry., calad., Calc-s.Calc., canth., carb-ac., carb-s., carb-v., caust., Cic., clem., cop., Crot-t., cycl., Dulc., fl-ac., Graph.Hep., hydr., iris., Jug-c.Jug-r.kali-ar., kali-bi., kali-c., kali-chl., kali-s., lach., Lappa-m., led., lith., lyc., merc., Mez., nat-m., nat-p., nat-s., nit-ac., Olnd.Petr., phos., phyt., Psor.ran-b., Rhus-t., rhus-v., sars., sep., sil., staph., Sul-i.Sulph.thuj., viol-t.

Psoriasis (Kent p1316) : Alum., am-c., ambr., Ars-i.ars., aur., bor., bry., bufo., calc-s., calc., canth., carb-ac., chin., clem., cor-r., cupr., dulc., iod., iris., kali-ar., kali-br., kali-c., kali-p., kali-s., led., lob., Lyc., mag-c., mang., merc-c., merc-i-r., merc., mez., nit-ac., nuph., petr., ph-ac., phos., Phyt.psor., puls., ran-b., rhus-t., sarr., sars., Sep.sil., sulph., tell., teucr., thuj.

Herpetic skin eruptions (Kent p1312) : Acet-ac., agar., alum., am-c., ambr., anac., anan., apis., ars-i., Ars., aster., aur., bar-c., bar-m., bell., berb., bor., Bov.bry., bufo., cadm., calad., Calc-s.Calc., caps., carb-an., Carb-s.carb-v., caust., chel., cic., cist., Clem., cocc., com., Con., crot-h., crot-t., cupr., cycl., dol., Dulc.Graph., grat., hell., hep., hyos., iod., iris., kali-ar., kali-c., kali-chl., kali-i., kali-n., kali-p., kali-s., kalm., kreos., lac-c., lach., led., Lyc., mag-c., mag-m., manc., mang., Merc., mez., mosch., mur-ac., nat-a., nat-c., Nat-m., nat-p., nat-s., nit-ac., nux-v., olnd., par., petr., ph-ac., phos., plb., psor., puls., ran-b., ran-s., Rhus-t., rob., rumx., ruta., sabad., sars., Sep.Sil., spig., spong., squil., stann., staph., sul-ac., Sulph., tarax., Tell., teucr., thuj., valer., viol-t., zinc.

The idea is then to compact this data down by deleting all those remedies that only occur once or twice and then totalling up all the scores until we get a master list of 40 or so highest scoring remedies. It is these that are the major Psoric remedies. In essence, this is the method Hahnemann himself used to establish both the miasms and their corresponding remedies.

Since the 1950’s it has been claimed that Tuberculosis and Cancer have developed into new miasms in their own right, most probably as offshoots of what Hahnemann termed the ‘Hydra headed Psora miasm’ (The Chronic Diseases, p14).

59 symptoms and major conditions were selected and repertorised using Kent’s Rep. The symptoms were as follows:

TB (p879), TB incipient (p879), TB pituitous (p879), scabies (p1318), pso riasis (p1316), dandruff (p114), hair loss (p120), leprosy (p1314), cancer (p1346), cancer lupus (p1346), leukaemia (p1370), diabetes (p691), cataract (p236), blindness (p281), long sightedness (p280), short sightedness (p283), lack of reaction (p1397), takes cold easily (p1349), swollen neck glands (p474), indurated glands neck (p472), swollen tonsils (p469), swollen axillary glands (p880 1), buboes (p541), goitre (pp471), tooth decay (p431), deafness (p323), insanity (p56), asthma (p763), liver (p563), haemorrhoids (p619), itching anus (p622), offensive stools (p640), varicosities (p1223), numbness (limbs p1035), chilblains (p955), sweaty feet (p1183), offensive foot sweats (p1183), halitosis (p409), nasal crusts (p330), perianal moisture (p623), hayfever (p326), foul flatus (p618), cracking joints (p970), worms (p634), ulcers on legs (p1231), ringworm, Haemoptysis (p813), Hydrocephalus (p128), Stomach ulcers (p531), Scrotal swelling (p712), Jaundice (p1307), Dysuria (p656), Eczema (p1312), Psoriasis (p1316), Herpetic skin eruptions (p1312), Crusty skin eruptions (p1310), pleurisy (p836), epilepsy, swollen inguinal glands (p603),

These symptoms were chosen as they are in the list given by Hahnemann as of ‘latent psora’ or they are major diseases of modern life, which I have assumed to be predominantly more psoric than syph or sycotic. I have assumed, like Hahnemann, that they are derived from suppressed scabies, leprosy or plague. They are disorders mentioned in Hahnemann’s Chronic Diseases as often being the products of suppressed itch, or they are skin disorders in their own right. To an extent one major justification for choosing these symptoms is that they have all increased during for choosing these symptoms is that they have all increased during this century, which many take to be a confirmation of the Psora doctrine. The symptoms come from Chronic Diseases pp52 77 and include the expanded list he gives plus those listed by Juncker. Also included are those symptoms as major past or present diseases. All of these are assumed to be broadly psoric in accordance with Hahnemann’s descriptions of the miasm.

If the symptoms used in this analysis are truly psoric; if Kent’s Repertory is generally accurate; if the scoring system adopted here is OK; and if Hahnemann’s list, expanded list, the assertions of Juncker and my own observations regarding Psorinum and conditions are all correct then the following remedies cannot be seriously considered as being truly Psoric remedies.

These are Am m, anac, ant t, arg m, aur m, borax, bovista, bromium, camphor, cantharis, carb ac, cistus, clematis, occculus, colchicum, colocynthis, crot h, digitalis, euphorbium, ferrum, ferr phos, guaj, kali chlor, kali nit, ledum, mag carb, mag mur, manganum, merc c, mur ac, nat ars, nat phos, platina, podophy, sang, sarsap, secale, selenium, spigelia, spongia, tarantula, veratrum. They are important remedies but they are not truly psoric.

This exercise now reduces Hahnemann’s original list of 47 antipsorics to 32. It is possible that Hahnemann based his list of 47 on what he knew about them at that time. He simply fitted maybe? the symptoms of latent psora to those remedies he had proved at that time. The result was his list of 47.

I believe the claims made above are correct and that the remedies listed are not antipsorics. If a remedy is incapable of scoring more than 22 points out of a maximum of 120, then it cannot seriously be considered to cover that range and depth of major human diseases and is thus NOT a very profound remedy. And to be considered psoric a remedy must be profound. It must cover the major diseases of humanity as well as the symptoms of latent psora.

The preliminary results of repertorisation can be given as follows:

agar, alum, anac, ant c, ant t, apis, arg m, ars, ars i, ambr, aur, bar c, bar m, bov, brom, bry, bufo, CALC, calc p, calc s, canth, carb ac, carb an, carb s, carb v, caust, cham, chel, chin, cist, cocc, colch, con, crot h, cupr, dulc, fl ac, graph, hep, iod, kali ar, kali ci, kali carb, kali i, kali p, kali s, kreos, LACH, led, LYC, mag c, mag m, med, merc, merc c, mez, nat ar, nat c, nat m, nat p, nat s, nit ac, nux, petr, ph ac, PHOS, phyt, plat, plmb, podoph, psor, Puls, sang, sec, sep, SIL, spig, spong, stann, staph, SULPH, sul ac, tarent, thuja, tub, verat a, zinc.

However, this is not the full results for the entire run. It just indicates the main thrust. There are many remedies here that fail to match up in range or depth to our expectations of a truly psoric remedy.

An alternative method using the page-length entry of the entry of each remedy in Hahnemann gives the following:

agar, alumina, am c, anac, ant c, ARS, aur, aur m, bar c, CALC, carb an, CARB V, caust, con, cupr, dulc, graph, hep, iod, KALI C, LYC, mag c, mag m, mez, nat c, nat m, NIT AC, petr, PHOS, ph ac, plat, SEP, SIL, stann, SUL, sul ac, zinc

Two other problem about miasms relate to a) where the miasms are stored and what they actually are and b) to how the miasms can be used in practice. On the first point it may be that the miasms are archetypes in the unconscious mind, or it may be that they are stored in the DNA or some other large molecule within the organism. These are just possibilities. Many would say ‘what does it matter?’

On the point about the use of miasms in treatment, many people routinely give the corresponding nosode. For example to a child born with syphilitic skin vesicles, they might give Syphilinum rather than the simillimum say Merc. This would tend to be seen as an inappropriate use of the miasm concept, as the simillimum is what the patient needs, not the nosode. The routine use of Psorinum, Medorrhinum and Syphilinum is in general frowned upon because it is the simillimum that the patient needs and that will cure. Certainly the nosodes can do good work, but it should be used when it be comes the simillimum not just routinely.


The miasm theory presents at least two main problems. The first is whether it is real or not and the second is how it has been variously interpreted in homoeopathy and how it continues to be interpreted in the clinical situation and for guiding and interpreting the unfolding of symptoms in a case receiv ing treatment. Clearly, if all chronic disease is miasmatic then surely all curative remedies must be miasmatic remedies. Thus Nux vom, Aconite, Bella donna and Rhus tox, etc cannot cure any chronic disorders. So what if they do cure such conditions? Does this prove the theory wrong or are they bigger remedies than people thought?

Another problem is whether all the so called ‘miasmatic remedies’ are really as important as they appear to be. How many people actually use Manganum, Iris, Am c, Am m, etc. Do such cases ever crop up in regular practice? If so, only very rarely. If they don’t correspond to many persons then why are they classed as Psoric? Could it not be that they are more likely ‘lesser remedies’ that ape some of the features of true psorics?

Maybe modern homoeopaths should more seriously question its validity. Though we do not have space here to discuss this in any great depth, the theory does present these two problems and all I can do here is to outline their nature.

The miasms doctrine has also become unfortunately and perhaps unnecessarily tangled up both with Hering’s Law and with Kentian metaphysics. Both of which are suspect on a number of grounds relating directly to actual practice. Hering’s Law claims that symptoms get better under treatment in the reverse order of their appearance, from top downwards and from centre to circumference. Is this true? Under the influence of deep constitutional ie miasmatic remedies the law should be confirmed in this way. What l ie miasmatic remedies the law should be confirmed in this way. What if it isn’t? Does that mean that the case is not cured or that the law is inaccurate? If the cure does not proceed in this way is it a true cure or merely a suppression? Is the remedy the true simillimum? Questions of this kind can lead straight into a wilderness of thorns and brambles where everything seems uncertain and painful!

Finally, on Kentian grounds the miasms and their remedies are regarded as ‘high homoeopathy’, the ultimate and only true homoeopathy, acting in that hallowed and rarefied realm of disease causation. This somewhat snooty view of homoeopathy has been questioned before. Is it a real claimant of the high ground or a pretender? Again, many years of observant practice are required to answer this question for yourself.

Danciger, Elizabeth, 1993, Letter re Vital Force, The Homeoopath, 50, pp.92-4
Hahnemann, Lesser Writings
Hahnemann, 1828, The Chronic Diseases,
The Homoeopath, 1995, Long Term Treatment & Chronic Disease, Issue 59, pp.453-460.
Kent, James Tyler, c1900, Repertory of Homoeopathic Medicines, Jain
Kent, 1900, Lectures on Homoeopathic Philosophy
Kent, 1900, Lesser Writings, Aphorisms and Precepts, Jain
Miles, Martin, 1995, Homoeopathy In The 21st Century, Prometheus Unbound 2:1, Autumn 1995, pp.35-37
Morrell, Peter, 1984, Homoeopathic Health Revolution, The Homoeopath 4:3, London
Morrell, Peter, 1983, On the nature of life, The Homoeopath 3:3, London
Morrell, Peter, 1987, Psorinum, The Homoeopath, 6:4, London
Norland, 1991, The Roots of Suffering: Buddhism and the Miasms, The Homoeopath 11:3, Sept 1991, pp.77-82
Shemmer, Yair, 1993, Vital Force: a view to the future, The Homoeopath 13:2, june 1993, pp.66-70
Speight, Phyllis, 1948, A Comparison of The Chronic Miasms, C W Daniel Co