Tag Archives: Psychology

האתר החדש של “אופנרפ סינופסיס” – בעברית

גירסת “פ & וו” 2012 החדשה של תוכנת ספר הכיס התרפאוטי מאת בונינגהאוזן הכוללת ממשק מלא בעברית ניתנת לרכישה מ-16 לאפריל מאת

Hebrew Blog

The new 2012 Edition of the P & W Therapeutic Pocket Book in the OpenRep SYNOPSIS, also with the operating interface in Hebrew. Available from April 16th from http://homeopathyonline.org/Bloghebrew.

(Click on picture to enlarge)

 

 

 

So what makes a homoeopath?

I could not find a better explanation.

§ 3
If the physician clearly perceives what is to be cured in diseases, that is to say, in every individual case of disease (knowledge of disease, indication), if he clearly perceives what is curative in medicines, that is to say, in each individual medicine (knowledge of medical powers), and if he knows how to adapt, according to clearly defined principles, what is curative in medicines to what he has discovered to be undoubtedly morbid in the patient, so that the recovery must ensue – to adapt it, as well in respect to the suitability of the medicine most appropriate according to its mode of action to the case before him (choice of the remedy, the medicine indicated), as also in respect to the exact mode of preparation and quantity of it required (proper dose), and the proper period for repeating the dose; – if, finally, he knows the obstacles to recovery in each case and is aware how to remove them, so that the restoration may be permanent, then he understands how to treat judiciously and rationally, and he is a true practitioner of the healing art .

Who will accept the blame?

The last few years has seen a concerted effort by the Medical Associations and Pharmaceutical companies attacking therapies that do not fall under the scope of their control. One by one, each discipline has crumpled and allowed regulation and governmental oversight which has been to the detriment of the practice. Homoeopathy is the latest medical practice to be under the spotlight and, due to its current state, is ripe for absorption.

Homoeopathy has always been at the mercy of its practitioners. Samuel Hahnemann, according to the pages of history, has a long record of battling with medical Doctors who never learned the principles and techniques properly. Time and time again he remonstrated with them to abandon the half hearted application of the therapy and was deeply disappointed by colleagues and public figures who espoused the practice, and failed miserably in the practice.

Since the resurgence of interest in the Western world from the 1960/70’s, Homoeopathy has been in the hands of a core group of people and those that carved out a niche for themselves as teachers and leaders. Sadly, the majority of these people have spent time building on their charisma and personal wealth as opposed to teaching the well researched and documented practice of the specialist therapy. It becomes apparent in conversations with some of them, that despite protestations to the contrary, they do not know the writings of Hahnemann.

What we have today, is a fractured, disjointed, and at best, a facsimile of a medical speciality that has a proven and documented track record of efficacy.

Homoeopathy as taught in the specialist schools around the world, is dangerously close to being a waste of your time and money. The teaching content, will be based on the knowledge, or lack of, from the person who operates it. Read the presented material from a variety of establishments, and you will be led to believe that the teachings are based on authentic Hahnemannian principles, and yet the reality is that the content of the lesson titles or subjects to be discussed. give little indication of what you will be exposed to. A new school in Arizona, that now has governmental approval for licencing homeopathic physicians (Like Naturopaths) in the State, is headed by a well known practitioner who doe not teach homoeopathy according to the principles and the Organon. It therefore follows that any “licenced” homeopath graduating will not know real homoeopathy. The sad thing is, that a graduate from that school, will be promoted and accepted as a fully qualified practitioner of Homoeopathic Medicine, by virtue of the legal right to practice.

Did the Governments of the world do this? No. They pursue the path of containment and control. To legislate and “protect”, ie, keep the profitability within the pharmaceutical Industry. Its the nature of the beast. The problem lies within the homeopathy community itself.

False teachings. Incorrect application of therapeutics. Lack of professional training. Lack of knowledge  on many levels, historical, developmental, provings, symptom matching, case taking, analysis, symptom reaction, patient management, limitations of homoeopathic intervention, medical diagnosis skills, the list goes on.

From the day a student enters a teaching establishment, the primary teaching of “Treat the patient not the Disease” is thrust upon them. From day one, the false premise of the practice is established. Somehow the opening paragraphs of the medical treatise The Organon is overlooked and twisted.

ORGANON  OF MEDICNE

§ 1
The physician’s high and only mission is to restore the sick to health, to cure, as it is termed.

 His mission is not, however, to construct so-called systems, by interweaving empty speculations and hypotheses concerning the internal essential nature of the vital processes and the mode in which diseases originate in the interior of the organism, (whereon so many physicians have hitherto ambitiously wasted their talents and their time); nor is it to attempt to give countless explanations regarding the phenomena in diseases and their proximate cause (which must ever remain concealed), wrapped in unintelligible words and an inflated abstract mode of expression, which should sound very learned in order to astonish the ignorant – whilst sick humanity sighs in vain for aid. Of such learned reveries (to which the name of theoretic medicine is given, and for which special professorships are instituted) we have had quite enough, and it is now high time that all who call themselves physicians should at length cease to deceive suffering mankind with mere talk, and begin now, instead, for once to act, that is, really to help and to cure.

§ 2
The highest ideal of cure is rapid, gentle and permanent restoration of the health, or removal and annihilation of the disease in its whole extent, in the shortest, most reliable, and most harmless way,  on easily comprehensible principles.
§ 3
If the physician clearly perceives what is to be cured in diseases, that is to say, in every individual case of disease (knowledge of disease, indication), if he clearly perceives what is curative in medicines, that is to say, in each individual medicine (knowledge of medical powers), and if he knows how to adapt, according to clearly defined principles, what is curative in medicines to what he has discovered to be undoubtedly morbid in the patient, so that the recovery must ensue – to adapt it, as well in respect to the suitability of the medicine most appropriate according to its mode of action to the case before him (choice of the remedy, the medicine indicated), as also in respect to the exact mode of preparation and quantity of it required (proper dose), and the proper period for repeating the dose; – if, finally, he knows the obstacles to recovery in each case and is aware how to remove them, so that the restoration may be permanent, then he understands how to treat judiciously and rationally, and he is a true practitioner of the healing art .

The teaching and practice of Homoeopathic Medicine in the year 2012, is at an all time low. What is available, are a variety of therapeutics that are labeled as homoeopathy, and promoted as such. Charismatic teachers of each branch or deviation of the medical practice continue to get rich from their brand of therapeutics. Loyal followers, for whatever reason, have forsook their own studies in the abundance of material available, and just repeat what they have been taught. The teachers are there by popular demand, so at some point the responsibility for their presence has to fall on the followers not doing the research required to confirm or deny the teachings.

Homoeopathy should be a developing therapy. It should have enough practical therapists following the same methodology and application, so that observations regarding treatments and results can be explored and tested. Instead, we have radical departure from the basic tenets, and the sad thing is that the mode of operation that people follow have ALREADY been tried and discounted in years gone by by Hahnemann for logical, scientific and medical reasons.

The compilers of these notes, have deliberately not named teachers or methodologies or schools. We believe that the standards and practice applications as defined by Hahnemann should be enough for each person to use as a yardstick for themselves when making a choice. We also observe that the “regulating” bodies setup around the world for the promotion and “licencing” of homoeopaths have not adhered to the principles and practices, and thus are currently promoting their own agenda and favoured method of therapeutics that do not comply with the minimum standards of applied homoeopathic methodology.

Thats about all that can be said. Health and the maintenance of it has to be applied on accurate and on easily comprehensible principles. We are not seeing that in the main anymore. Will you take the time to study and put it right? Will you?

 

 


 

 

The Strange Case of Homeopathy

The Strange Case of Homeopathy

Homeopathy defies the laws of science, not to mention common sense. But rigorous studies show it just may work.

By Michael Castleman, published on March 01, 2004 – last reviewed on July 02, 2010

In 1994, NASA computer scientist Amy Lansky of Portola Valley, California, began wondering about her two-year-old son. Max knew the alphabet and could beat adults at memory games, but he barely spoke and, despite normal hearing, didn’t seem to understand language. At preschool he was a loner. His main form of communication was poking people with his finger. Eventually, school officials urged Lansky to have him evaluated. The diagnosis: autism, a neurological and behavioral disorder for which there is no known remedy.

But Lansky refused to believe Max was untreatable. Her search for an answer led her to homeopathy, an 18th-century healing art now enjoying renewed popularity because of Americans’ growing interest in alternative medicine. Homeopathy involves treating illnesses with such extreme dilutions of herbs, animal substances and chemical compounds that frequently not one molecule of the diluted substance is left in the solution. Homeopathy defies the known laws of science, not to mention common sense. But rigorous studies show it just may work.

In a German trial, a homeopathic treatment for vertigo outperformed the pharmaceutical remedy; at Harvard, subjects with mild brain injury showed significantly greater improvement with a homeopathic treatment than with a placebo. And homeopathic remedies have been found to augment conventional treatments, as well. In the case of infectious diarrhea, a University of Washington study found that children given the standard rehydration fluid containing water, sugar and salt, plus a homeopathic remedy, recovered after two and a half days—a day and a half earlier than those who received just the rehydration fluid.

“I believe new science will explain how homeopathy works,” says Ellen Feingold, a Wilmington, Delaware, pediatrician who left conventional medicine to practice homeopathy. “But research is not my concern. I want to heal patients. As an M.D., I mostly suppressed symptoms. Now I truly heal people.”

“Critics of homeopathy say that because its mechanism of action can’t be explained, it can’t possibly work,” says Michael Carlston, a Santa Rosa, California, physician who has combined mainstream medicine and homeopathy for more than 30 years. “But that’s hypocritical. Aspirin was used for 90 years before its efficacy was explained—and no doctors shunned it.”

Strange Medicine

Shortly after her son’s diagnosis, Lansky found a magazine article on alternative treatments for childhood behavioral problems.

Lansky’s acupuncturist referred her to homeopath John Melnychuk. He did not perform a physical exam, nor did he order diagnostic tests. He just asked questions, including many that M.D.s would consider irrelevant. He explored Max’s milk craving, his fitful sleep, the bluish tint in the whites of his eyes and his restlessness, intensity, sweetness, stubbornness and perfectionism. Then, using reference books, he looked for substances that produce the same effects in healthy people. This is the fundamental principle of homeopathy, the Law of Similars. It’s the idea that illness can be cured by substances—plant, animal or mineral—that evoke the same symptoms in those who are well. Melnychuk decided to give Max Carcinosin, a treatment made from—of all things—an infinitesimal amount of human cancer tissue.

“There are two types of homeopathic remedies,” Melnychuk explains. “Some treat symptoms; For example, arnica works well for muscle strains. Then there are ‘constitutional’ remedies, ones that have to be matched to the patient’s personality. Max seemed to fit the Carcinosin profile, which includes symptoms of perfectionism, restlessness, sleep difficulties and milk cravings.” However, Melnychuk cautions, not every autistic child should receive Carcinosin. “You have to tailor the remedy to the patient’s unique traits.”

Lansky mixed a little Carcinosin in water and gave Max a teaspoon each morning. Within two days, she noticed subtle changes: “Max’s speech improved, and he seemed more socially aware.” In the next two months the trend toward improvement continued.

Maybe It’s Doing Nothing

Homeopathy developed during the late 18th century, a time when physicians knew little about disease. They treated most illnesses by bleeding patients and administering powerful laxatives. Such treatments were called “heroic measures,” but the heroism was entirely on the part of patients, many of whom suffered more from these interventions than from their illnesses.

One 18th-century German doctor, Samuel Hahnemann, became so disgusted with heroic medicine that he closed his practice. But Hahnemann did not exactly reject conventional medicine. He was impressed with cinchona, the South American tree bark that was the first effective treatment for malaria. In 1790, Hahnemann ingested cinchona and became cold, achy, anxious and thirsty—all symptoms of malaria. That experience led him to postulate his Law of Similars.

Hahnemann tested hundreds of substances on himself—plants, animal parts and chemical compounds, including salt, zinc, gold and marigold flowers—cataloging their effects. Eventually, he reopened his practice but prescribed only homeopathic medicines.

Homeopathy was controversial from the outset because of Hahnemann’s other postulate, the Law of Potentization, which holds that homeopathic medicines grow stronger as they became more dilute. Critics howl at the law. Homeopathy is “absurd,” argues William Sampson, a clinical professor of medicine at Stanford University. “It is bankrupt in theory and practice.”

 

“There is no basis for believing that homeopathy has any effect,” says Robert Baratz, president of the National Council Against Health Fraud, in Peabody, Massachusetts. “Homeopathy is a magnet for untrustworthy practitioners who pose a threat to public safety. It’s quackery.”

Maybe homeopathy involves treatment with nothing. If true, it’s still an improvement over 18th-century heroic medicine—even if patients get little more than water.

By the late 19th century, conventional medicine had moved away from heroic measures. As they disappeared, the medical opposition led by homeopaths lost steam. The discovery of antibiotics and other modern drugs further strengthened conventional medicine at

Strange Power

Placebos have no direct impact on the body. But when given to treat almost any illness—from colds to serious conditions—about one-third of recipients report benefits. “Placebos work as well as they do because of the mind’s ability to affect the body,” says Brown University psychiatrist Walter Brown. Many studies have shown that when a doctor offers any treatment, people expect it will help, and that expectation itself can aid healing. Also, through a mind-body mechanism not entirely understood, placebos trigger the release of endorphins, the body’s mood-elevating, pain-relieving compounds. “Improvement in patients receiving homeopathy is simply a placebo effect,” Sampson says.

But studies consistently yield conflicting reports. British researchers are divided as to the power of arnica, often prescribed by homeopaths for musculoskeletal pain. Patients who received arnica after wrist surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome reported significantly less pain than did those in a placebo group; yet patients with other joint conditions had no such luck (among 58 rheumatoid arthritis sufferers, the placebo group reported significantly greater pain relief).

In 1991, Dutch epidemiologists analyzed 105 studies of homeopathic treatment from 1966 to 1990, most from French and German medical journals. Eighty-one studies found patients had benefited from homeopathy, prompting the Dutch researchers to conclude that “the evidence is to a large extent positive. [It] would probably be sufficient for establishing homeopathy as treatment for certain conditions.” A 1997 German analysis of 89 studies agreed that homeopathy is often significantly more beneficial than the use of placebos.

Preferring Alternatives

Ambiguous as the evidence is, homeopathy has enjoyed renewed popularity in the U.S., coinciding with Americans’ ambivalence about mainstream medicine.

One-half to two-thirds of Americans have used alternative therapies, and Americans visit alternative practitioners more often than they visit conventional practitioners—some 600 million consultations a year. They now spend $30 billion a year on alternative therapies, according to a report in Newsweek, and have as much confidence in alternative practitioners as they do in M.D.s, according to a study in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine.

Americans have not lost confidence in physicians—they’ve just expanded their view of what’s medically helpful, believing that the combination of mainstream and alternative medicine will provide the best results. “The renewed interest in homeopathy,” explains Dana Ullman, author of eight books on the subject, “is part of the groundswell of interest Americans have shown for all the alternative therapies. People are not satisfied with conventional medicine.”

Homeopathy is not the only alternative therapy conventional medicine can’t fully explain. The energy pathways deemed fundamental to acupuncture don’t correspond to any known structures in the body, but a National Institutes of Health report concluded, “The data in support of acupuncture are as strong as those for many accepted Western medical therapies.”

Nonetheless, homeopathy is nowhere near as accepted as acupuncture. A Harvard report on Americans’ use of alternative therapies shows that homeopathy accounts for less than 0.5 percent of alternative-practitioner visits. University of Maryland researchers surveyed coverage for alternative therapies by six major managed-care plans—five covered chiropractic, four covered acupuncture, none covered homeopathy. “Homeopathy,” Ullman says, “is the Rodney Dangerfield of alternative therapies: It gets no respect.”

Impossible Cure

Amy Lansky didn’t care that homeopathy is one of America’s least accepted alternative therapies. After nine months of homeopathic treatment, Max was a different child: talkative, active, sociable and popular. Under Melnychuk’s guidance, Lansky gradually decreased his dose of Carcinosin, eventually discontinuing it. Max continued to improve. By age five, he was virtually indistinguishable from any other kid. “He now sees Melnychuk maybe twice a year,” says Lansky. “As far as I’m concerned, he’s cured.” Max’s experience led Lansky to quit her job and study homeopathy full-time. In the fall, she hung out a shingle. “As a scientist,” she explains, “I recognize that homeopathy is implausible. But I’ve seen it cure my son.”